Overweight and obesity: what to do?

Overweight and obesity: what to do?

Summary

    Which obesity surgery is right for me?

    Bariatric surgeries in Turkey today represent an important solution for all types of obesity. When obesity is moderate, it can be treated with the Gastric Balloon; when obesity changes from moderate to severe, it can be treated with a Gastric Sleeve, which then becomes Gastric Bypass, a recommended intervention in cases of excessive obesity.

    If you want to go for one of the bariatric surgeries as a treatment for obesity, it is vitally important to consult specialist doctors, since they are the most qualified to determine the most appropriate option depending on the case. Particular patient: age, degree of obesity, associated diseases, and surgical risks, among others.

    Obesity surgery consists of a preliminary preparation in which the general medical history is determined, and a commitment is established on the part of the patient to adopt healthy eating habits and his willingness to follow the recommendations that allow the success of the intervention.

    What are the types of obesity surgeries?

    Obesity surgeries can be of different types. For example, gastric banding, intragastric balloon, and gastrectomy are procedures that alter the capacity of the stomach. Its success is contingent on the patient's willingness to follow a diet.

    The types of obesity surgeries are:

    Gastric bypass

    Gastric bypass surgery is a more effective but more complex technique that combines shrinking the stomach by dividing it into two parts with modifying the small intestine so that whatever is eaten is not absorbed. It is reversible and allows a varied diet.

    Gastric bypass requires regular checks to establish vitamin levels.

    Gastric balloon

    The gastric balloon consists of placing, through a gastroscope, an intra-gastric balloon filled with air or serum, which reduces the capacity of the stomach, causing a feeling of fullness and satiety. After six months, he must be stopped.

    A gastric balloon is used in addition to diet or to prepare for surgery when partial weight loss is needed.

    Gastric Band

    The gastric band consists of placing a silicone ring at the entrance to the stomach. This requires periodic band adjustments and the adoption of a gentle diet to reduce the effects of vomiting and reflux.

    Sleeve gastrectomy

    The stomach is reduced vertically, turning it into a tube from its beginning to its exit. Sleeve gastrectomy is a widely used and irreversible restrictive technique, which requires following an indicated diet and which has few side effects.

    Experienced bariatric surgeons in Turkey

    An experienced obesity surgery doctor in Istanbul, Turkey, known as a bariatric surgeon, guarantees the choice of the best option for his patient and uses a medical center for the procedures, which can perform all kinds of techniques, from the simplest to the most complex.

    How do I know if I am obese?

    Obesity is defined as excessive accumulation of body fat relative to lean body mass, both in terms of absolute quantity and distribution at specific points on the body. The measurement of the distribution of body fat can be carried out with different methods, from the measurement of skin folds to the ratio between the circumference of the waist and the hips, or with more sophisticated techniques such as ultrasound, CT scan, or magnetic resonance...

    The classification of the population according to weight is made using the BMI body mass index, considered the most representative of the presence of excess body fat. BMI is calculated using the following formula:

    BMI = weight (in kg) / height squared (in meters)

    Weight categories for adults indicated by BMI are:

    • <18.5 underweight
    • 18.5 - 24.9 normal weight
    • 25 - 29.9 overweight
    • > 30 obesity.

    Based on the patient's body mass index (BMI), health status, and expectations, surgeons at our partner clinics define the appropriate bariatric procedure.



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