Endocrinology: all you need to know about this medical specialty
Hormones are substances produced by the glands and carried by the blood, they act on several organs. These hormones intervene in several functions such as nutrition (regulation of glucose by insulin, leptin for fat stability ...), growth, reproduction, ... Any anomaly or disruption of the functioning of these hormones can cause disorders or endocrine diseases. Thus, the medical specialty that focuses on the functioning, abnormalities and ways of treating the endocrine glands is called endocrinology.
Endocrinology: what is it ?
Endocrinology is the science that studies the functioning of the glands that produce hormones (thyroid, pancreas, gonads (testes and ovaries), adrenal glands, parathyroid glands and pituitary gland). These glands can be influenced by several factors such as stress, type of meal, sleep, ... which causes a disruption between the hormonal system and other organs. So, it is the endocrinologist (the doctor who studies the pathologies related to hormones or glands) who can find the necessary treatments for this imbalance.
What are the conditions treated by an endocrinologist ?
The endocrinologist intervenes to find the necessary treatments for the diseases in connection with the disruption / imbalance of the functioning of the glands:
• Abnormal function of the adrenal glands: There are two adrenal glands located above each kidney and produce adrenaline and cortisol. The hypofunction or hyperfunction of these glands can cause diseases such as pheochromocytomas.
• Malfunction of the pituitary gland: the pituitary is a small endocrine gland at the base of the brain. She is responsible for producing several types of hormones (growth hormone, prolactin, corticotrophin ...). A defect or an excess of production of these hormones can cause several pathologies such as sexual disorders, amenorrhea, gigantism, acromegaly, corticotropic insufficiency ...
• Menopause: This is not a disease, but it is the deficiency of estrogen from the ovaries and high levels of FSH hormones, from the brain. It occurs in women who are between 45 and 50 years old.
• Diabetes: characterized by an excess of sugar in the blood and therefore a hyperglycemia, it is caused by a lack or lack of use of the hormone (insulin) produced by the pancreas. This disease can not be cured, but it can be followed and keep sugar stability through insulin injection and a well-balanced diet as well as sports activities.
Turquie Santé allows you to contact several endocrinology specialist hospitals at a time, so you can request several quotes and compare the cheapest prices to cure your illness.
Last update : 29/01/2020