Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Screening and Treatment
The prostate is a gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is located under the bladder, in front of the rectum the size of a walnut. The functioning of this gland can be disrupted by several types of diseases like prostate cancer.
What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men over the age of 60; it is very rare before age 50. This disease results from abnormal and anarchic development of the cells of the prostate until the formation of a mass called "malignant tumor". More than 90% of prostate cancer is adenocarcinoma and, like other types of cancer, it can spread to other parts of the body.
What are the different Symptoms?
When prostate cancer causes symptoms or signs, it is usually diagnosed at a late stage. These symptoms and signs may include:
- Frequent urination.
- Low or interrupted urinary discharge or need to get tired to empty the bladder.
- The urge to urinate frequently at night.
- Blood in the urine.
- Blood in the seminal fluid.
- The new appearance of erectile dysfunction.
- Pain or burning during urination, which is much less common.
- Discomfort or pain while sitting, caused by an enlarged prostate.
Screening and Treatment in Turkey and Istanbul
Screening for the disease in Turkey and Istanbul is usually done by digital rectal examination, but also by blood testing of the prostate specific antigen (PSA) and, if the result is positive, the patient undergoes a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer at the level of the prostate.
The treatment of prostate cancer in Turkey depends on the result of the PSA and biopsy assay, the tumor size, and the characteristics of the tumor tissue. Several types of treatments are proposed:
- Surgical procedure: elimination of the prostate
- Drug treatments: chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapies.
What is a prostatectomy?
A prostatectomy is an intervention that is designed to completely or partially eliminate the prostate. It can be used to treat prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia.
A common surgical approach to radical prostatectomy involves making a surgical incision and removing the prostate. This can be accomplished with either retropubic, suprapubic incision (lower abdomen) or perineum incision (through the skin between the scrotum and rectum).
Your Treatment with Turquie santé in Istanbul
Turquie Santé puts you in touch with the best specialists in oncology in Turkey to identify the best healing plan for your situation. Added to that, it allows you to check the reviews of customers who have undergone the same surgery.