The prostate is a gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is located under the bladder, in front of the rectum, the size of a walnut. The functioning of this gland can be disrupted by several types of diseases like prostate cancer. This tumor is the most common type of cancer in men over the age of 60; it is very rare before the age of 50. This disease results from abnormal and anarchic development of the cells of the prostate until the formation of a mass called a "malignant tumor". More than 90% of prostate cancer is adenocarcinoma and, like other types of cancer, it can spread to other parts of the body.
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- Patients with localized or advanced prostate cancer
- Patients with recurrence or resistant cancer
- Loss of ejaculation
- Around 2 to 4 hours
- From 2 to 4 days
What are prostate cancer symptoms?
Prostate cancer in its early stages may not always cause noticeable symptoms. However, as the cancer progresses, some men may experience various symptoms related to the prostate or urinary system. Here are some common symptoms of prostate cancer:
- Frequent urination;
- Low or interrupted urinary discharge or need to get tired to empty the bladder;
- The urge to urinate frequently at night;
- Blood in the urine or the seminal fluid;
- Erectile dysfunction
Screening test in the best hospital in Turkey & Istanbul
Prostate cancer test in Istanbul, Turkey is usually done by digital rectal examination. However, also blood testing of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and ct scans are required. Finally, if the result is positive, the patient undergoes a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer at the level of the prostate.
The treatment of prostate cancer in Turkey depends on the result of the PSA and biopsy assay, the tumor size, and the characteristics of the tumor tissue. Afterward, several types of treatment are proposed:
- Surgical procedure: elimination of the prostate;
- Drug treatments: chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapies;
- Ultrasound therapy
Lutetium-177 PSMA treatment for metastatic prostate cancer
According to the results of a large clinical trial and test, a type of therapy that delivers radiation directly to cancer cells is the latest advanced treatment for prostate cancer. The study included participants with a hard-to-treat type of advanced prostate cancer called metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. In these patients, the cancer had worsened despite standard treatment.
Study participants who received the drug, called Lu-177, along with other standard treatments lived longer than those who received the standard treatments alone.
What is a prostatectomy?
A prostatectomy is an intervention that is designed to completely or partially eliminate the prostate. It can be used to treat prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia.
A common surgical approach to radical prostatectomy involves making a surgical incision and removing the prostate. This can be accomplished with either retropubic, suprapubic incision (lower abdomen),or perineum incision (through the skin between the scrotum and rectum).
Are there Side Effects of Radiation for Prostate Cancer Treatment?
External radiotherapy necessitates daily sessions (5 days per week) for five to eight weeks. The radiotherapist will take an X-ray image, on the first day of radiotherapy and every week. Radiography makes sure that you are positioned well during your treatments.
X-rays do not provide a diagnosis, so radiation therapists verify your progress from these films. However, radiography is important to help the therapeutic radiographer verify the radiation therapy is targeting the right area that needs treatment.
The radiotherapist will make small spots looking like freckles will appear on your skin along the treatment. These marks are the targets for the radiation and are a semi-permanent lineation of your treatment area. The radiotherapist will redefine the treatment area when needed.
There are many temporary and long-term side effects of radiation for prostate cancer, such as skin reactions and other long-term side effects.
While treating cancer, radiation must penetrate your skin. You may notice some skin alteration in the cutaneous tissue that is exposed to radiation. You may experience some redness, swelling, warming, and sensitivity as if you have a sunburn.
These skin reactions are frequent and impermanent. They will disappear progressively within four weeks to two months after treatment.
Long-term side effects
Long-term side effects of radiation can last up to two years after treatment, They may include:
- A slight hyperpigmentation of the skin;
- The onset of pores;
- Alteration in sensitivity of the skin;
- A thickening of the cutaneous tissue.
Another potential side effect of radiotherapy treatment is sexual dysfunction and urinary disorders such as frequency, bleeding, or, rarely, incontinence.
The costs & Prices of your Treatment plans in Istanbul
Turquie Santé puts you in touch with the best doctors specialized in oncology in Turkey to identify the best healing plan for your situation at the lower cost and the best prices. Added to that, it allows you to check the reviews of customers who have undergone the same surgery. We help achieve the best results for your prostate cancer treatment at affordable cost in our partner clinics and hospitals in Turkey.
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- For stages 1, 2, 3, and non-metastatic stage 4, the chances of survival are estimated at 100%;
- In the metastatic phase, 28% of patients survive.
Treatment for prostate cancer in Turkey includes surgery (partial or total prostatectomy),chemotherapy and radiotherapy sometimes combined with hormone therapy.
Almost 40% of men who have had their prostate completely removed complain of erectile dysfunction. However, late functional recovery is possible. Some men resort to drugs, intracavernous injections or the placement of penile prosthesis.
After the total prostatectomy, the patient would be given an injection into the phallus in order to soften and oxygenate the cavernous sponge. After a few weeks, the erection would come back. Sexual activities could therefore be restarted gradually.