There is still hope for patients with lung cancer. Research has not only improved the therapies, but it is also about inventing new techniques that allow early diagnoses.
This progress allows patients to treat lung cancer and live a normal life including working, having kids, and traveling.
Lung cancer is a serious disease that arises in the lung cells. It all starts with a malignant tumor; which is a group of cancer cells of bronchopulmonary origin. The latter can take over the rest of the organ or even other parts of the body.
Is this a common pathology?
Lung cancer is the fourth more common type of cancer in the world. It is one of the leading causes of human death.
The main risk factor for lung cancer is cigarette smoking.
Lung cancer appears when cells in the lung tissue mutate or get altered. When a patient has lung cancer, he has defective mutated cells that gather to form a tumor.
What are the different types of lung cancer?
There are different types of lung cancer that can be distinguished through pathological examination:
- Non-small cell cancer: these types of lung cancer are:
- squamous cell histology;
- large cell carcinomas (sarcomas and carcinomas sarcomatoides).
- Small cell cancer: this type of cell includes carcinomas and mixed small cell carcinoma.
- Pleural mesothelioma: this type is formed in the pleuron that covers the lungs.
- Other types of lung cancer: another cancer that grows and spreads in areas of the lungs such as lymph nodes.
What are the most common Types?
Non-small cell cancers are the most common types of lung cancer. They usually begin in the outer sections of the lungs. These types of cancer grow and spread less fast than small cell lung cancer
They include adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinomas, and squamous cell carcinoma.
What are the signs and symptoms?
Unfortunately, thesymptoms arise at a late stage, after cancer has spread to other organs. You can have a:
- Persistent cough;
- Chest pain;
- Haemoptysis (when someone is coughing up blood);
- General deterioration (asthenia, anorexia, and weight loss);
- Dysphonia (change of voice).
Other symptoms may appear and are related to the emancipation of sub-hormones released by cancer cells. These symptoms are called paraneoplastic syndrome (digital hippocratism and hyper sweating). Symptoms related to metastasis can also arise.
How is the diagnosis done before the treatment in Turkey?
The doctor must be consulted when in doubt. The earlier the diagnosis is done, the better the outcome will be.
The diagnosis that is done before lung cancer treatment involves several steps:
- Through interrogation: it is necessary to state:
- the symptoms;
- the profession (there are occupational risks such as asbestos exposure);
- family history of lung cancer.
- Clinical examination: involves a comprehensive checkup as well as a respiratory system examination through inspection, palpation, auscultation, and percussion.
- Supplementary examinations: we start with a chest X-ray, chest CT, and fiberoptic bronchoscope. The latter allows us to take samples for a pathological examination to confirm cancer.
Then it is necessary to complete the extension assessment in the search for metastases.
The best lung cancer treatment options & price
The best lung cancer treatmentoptions in Turkey include the following:
- Medical lung cancer treatment: includes general treatment, chemotherapy (This treatment consists of administering, orally or by injection, drugs that are toxic to the cells. These injected products destroy cancer cells, in particular by preventing them from multiplying and dividing by blocking the DNA synthesis process), and radiotherapy which has some side effects.
- Surgical lung cancer treatment: consists of an excision of the cancerous tissue.
- The undertaken treatments are indicated by specialists in pneumology, oncology, and carcinology surgery. This includes drugs that aim to reinforce the immune system and relieve the symptoms.
The best lung cancer treatment options & diagnosis in Turkey at an affordable cost
The best treatment for lung cancer in Turkey is preventive treatment. Preventive measures are based on the elimination of risk factors, essentially the elimination of tobacco.
We help our patients to pay affordable costs and prices but not at the expense of quality. All this is possible thanks to our network of more than 70 clinics and hospitals present in Izmir, Istanbul, and Antalya.
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The causes of lung cancer are:
- Active or passive smoking (environmental tobacco smoke);
- Smoking cannabis (Marijuana);
- Exposure to radon: a colorless and inodorous gas that results from the natural decomposition of uranium;
- Exposure to asbestos: minerals resembling very fine fibers, used in plumbing, cement manufacturing and in electricity;
- Exposure to certain chemicals such as Arsenic, Silica powder or Cobalt:
- Air pollution ;
- Genetic factors;
- Exposure to nuclear radiation;
The symptoms of lung cancer are:
- Cough, with shortness of breath and chest pain;
- Coughing up mucus tinted with blood;
- High-pitched whistling sound emitted on exhalation (wheezing);
- Weight loss;
- Dysphonia (alteration of the voice);
- Difficulty swallowing;
- Swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck or above the collarbone;
The diagnosis of lung cancer in Turkey involves:
- The questioning;
- Clinical examination;
- Imaging: radio and scanner (computed tomography);
- Assessment of the stage of the disease (additional examinations to check if other organs are affected).
Several types of lung cancer treatments exist, which are:
- Surgery ;
- Targeted therapies;
These procedures can be employed alone or in combination.