Dental bone graft, also known as bone regeneration or bone reconstruction in Turkey, is a very important procedure in the course of many dental procedures. Indeed, in the case of the insertion of dental implants, for example, the bone must be as close as possible to the original bone in terms of size and quality, in order to obtain an optimal result.
The jaw and facial bones contribute to the maintenance of skin and muscles, which are essential for aesthetic appearance and the prevention of premature aging.
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- People with bone insufficiency to allow dental implantology
- People with congenital malformations or during jaw resection in cases of oral cancer
- Rejection of transplant
- Between 1 and 3 hours
- 6 months
Indications for Dental Bone Grafting
Dental implantology is a set of surgical techniques aimed at restoring one or more damaged or missing teeth.
The implantology method consists of inserting dental implants into the jaw or maxilla bone. Dental implants are devices that consist of two components: the screw, which is inserted into the bone, and the abutment, which serves as a connection to the prosthesis.
With an implant procedure, an excellent aesthetic result is obtained, with the restoration of teeth that are completely similar to the natural ones. In addition, it is possible to restore the full functionality of the mouth and return to a peaceful and satisfying life.
Implantology requires a good amount of bone to insert dental implants and ensure their stability. Sometimes, due to certain pathologies or trauma to the gums and teeth, there may be a lack of bone tissue that could compromise the success of the procedure or not guarantee the long-term stability of the dental implants.
In this case, a dental bone graft may be used.
Dental Bone Graft in Turkey: In which cases?
Here are the most common cases that may require a dental bone graft:
- Teeth implant: People who are going to undergo a tooth implant surgery may be candidates for bone transplant surgery.
- Gum disease: A patient may lose his teeth and jawbone after the removal of the gum tissue (gingivectomy). This area must be filled with osseous tissue to make the patient feel comfortable.
- Bone loss: Poor osseous density makes a person older than he is. Bone deterioration in the jaw can cause the face to look shorter than it used to.
Types & sources of material used in this surgery
Several types of osseous tissue that from different sources, such as:
- Autologous graft (Intra-oral bone): This type of graft requires two operating positions: a sampling site and a transplant site.
- Biomaterial graft: This type of graft is a synthetic one that is created by artificial means, but looks like natural bone. They are ceramic or polymer-made and compatible with human bone.
- Allogeneic graft: This type of graft is a bone substitute from a special bank. The bones may come from a living or a dead donor.
- Xenograft: this type of graft involves using the bone of other species.
- Growth factors enhanced grafts: This kind of graft consists of stem cells that are seeded onto bioactive ceramics. The latter are conditions to generate osteoblasts (a type of bone cell).
The preoperative phase
Different steps should be done before and during a bone graft surgery in Istanbul, Turkey. Indeed, you should take the following steps:
- The first step is to schedule an initial consultation. At this stage, the surgeon will perform a clinical examination of the patient to determine the steps of the treatment, the location of the extraction, and the amount of bone needed to reconstruct the deficient area.
- Our surgeons in Turkey may ask for a blood test and x-ray, depending on the terrain and therapeutic indication.
- The surgery is performed in a dental office or clinic under local anesthesia.
The possible contraindications
The presence of an unhealthy gum, an altered overall condition of the patient, and an age under 18 may contraindicate the transplant as the risk of failure increases.
The surgeon is the only person who can confirm to the patient whether he/she is well-prepared for this procedure or not.
What are the postoperative consequences?
The postoperative consequences are simple, the complications are rare, and a period of convalescence may be necessary. The healing is generally fast, and your doctor may prescribe painkillers if needed. Generally, implant placement can be done 3–6 months after a bone transplant.
After the tooth implant surgery, your bone growth will be improved because your body interprets the implants as if they were natural teeth. Indeed, tooth implants, such as All-on-8 and All-on-6, have a positive impact on bone formation and the prevention of bone loss.
What are the risks?
The risks are very rare, but some complications may occur, such as:
- The healing problems: The healing period depends on the overall condition of the patient. Some drugs may delay it (such as taking long-term cortisone).
- The risk of bleeding: The risk of bleeding depends on the amount of bone taken. It also relies on the patient's condition related to a coagulation problem.
- The risk of infection: The operation takes place under strict aseptic conditions. The indication of prophylactic antibiotic therapy may be necessary.
Dental bone graft in Istanbul Turkey : Costs & reviews
The costs of bone graft in Istanbul, Turkey include the surgeon's fees, the cost of surgery as well as anesthesia, and the products along with the drugs used.
Overall prices vary between 2200 Euros and 3500 Euros.
The cost of a bone graft for dental implants can vary depending on the type and the source of the graft. The complexity of the surgery and the material used are the two main factors that impact the price.
Many health insurances don’t reimburse dental bone grafts in most cases. However, you should discuss the matter with your health insurance counselors before taking any steps.
If your doctor indicates this surgery for medical reasons, your health insurance may cover part of its cost. If you want to undergo this surgery for aesthetic reasons, it will not be covered by your insurer.
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A patient should undergo a bone grafting surgery in Turkey when his jaw bone mass is not dense enough to receive an implant.
There are many types of bone grafts, which can be classified as follows :
- Autogenous (or autologous): The bone is taken from the patient, from the chin, skull or shin area.
- Allogeneic: The bone comes from a specialized bank. Allogeneic bone grafts are obtained from human femoral heads.
- Xenogenous: Bone comes from another species, usually from the Bovidae family, whose bone is very well accepted by the human body.
- Alloplastic: Alloplastic grafts are derived from a synthetic biomaterial. This bone substitute is produced in the laboratory, and it is perfectly well-matched with human bone.
The mucosa takes 8 to 15 days to heal. The bones take more time to be strengthened. Therefore, the result is obtained after 4 to 6 postoperative months.
The success rate of bone transplant surgery with our clinics in Turkey is 95%.