PET Scan & cancers
PET can show if cancer is present, where it has spread, and how it responds to treatment.
Approximately 80% of PET scans are done to help doctors assess cancer. Cancer types include lung cancer, colorectal cancer, oesophageal cancer, head and neck cancer, lymphoma and melanoma. PET also helps physicians determine if enlarged lymph nodes in people with cancer are due to the spread (metastases) of the cancer or other abnormality.
PET SCAN WITH GALLIUM68 AND PROSTATE CANCER
Prostate cancer is a common and serious pathology because it may lead to death. But, if treatment is initiated at an early stage the prognosis becomes better. Hence, a complementary examination is necessary since it directs the therapeutic management.
What is so special about PET Scan during prostate cancer?
Our target is prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) which is a transmembrane protein. Its expression is increased by cancer cells during the tumor process. The principle is to associate a radioisotope tracer, 68Ga, with a PSMA inhibitor and detects its degradation by means of a PET camera to detect cancer cells with increased expression of PSMA. After intravenous injection of Galium 68 one waits one hour before taking the images.
In practical terms, most applications are for patients who have recurrence after surgical treatment of prostate cancer.
What is a Positron Emission Tomography scan at Gallium68?
PET Scan is an innovative and extremely sensitive technique in medical imaging. It is the combination of a "Positron Emission Tomography" (PET) camera and a scanner (Scan) in a single PET-Scan device to visualize the metabolic processes in the body as well as the anatomical sections of the body .
A product called intravenous tracer is administered, the action of this tracer can be followed using PET. One of the tracers used for prostate cancer is gallium68.
What are the properties of the Gallium68 68Ga?
The 68Ga is obtained by means of a generator. It has a short half-life of 68 minutes. You should know that the cost is a little high and it is often not reimbursed by medical insurance. Rest assured, the price of this type of medical imaging is cheaper in Turkey & Istanbul than in other countries in Europe.
In addition, Positron Emission Tomography is sometimes used to help doctors diagnose Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, as well as to help them assess seizure disorders.
PET for Parkinson’s disease
Parkinson’s disease is a so-called neurodegenerative disease of unknown origin reaching the neurons responsible for body movements. The symptoms visible at the beginning of the disease are the trembling of one hand, the difficulty of writing, the reduction of activity ... Then, when the disease is established, the main symptoms are akinesia (slow movement), hypertonia (stiffness) and tremor. Parkinson’s disease usually affects men over the age of 50 and the case of inheritance is rare.
The Pet-scan is an important tool for assessing this disease because it is caused by the destruction of brain cells that are responsible for dopamine production. The metabolism of these cells should be studied via the Pet-scan. Also, the injection of 18F-DOPA (fluorine 18) chemically close to dopamine allows, once the substance is fully aborted by the patient’s body, the evaluation of changes in the dopaminergic system.
PET scan for Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is a chronic neurodegenerative brain tissue disease of progressive evolution that causes irreversible intellectual alteration. It leads to memory loss and a severe decrease in mental capacity. This disease is due to neurofibrillary degeneration and the presence of amiloid plaques also called senile plaques.
The Pet-scan complements the studies conducted with PET for the observation of this pathology. Amyloid plaques are visible on the Pet-scan: they appear in red (cells that consume a lot of glucose). The Pet-scan also allows you to observe the extent of the disease
Cost of PET Scan in Turkey & Istanbul
The price of a PET SCAN varies from one case to another, the doctor is the only person who is able to estimate whether you need to perform this kind of examination or not. Turquie santé puts you in contact with recognized specialists in Turkey & Istanbul to offer you the best healing plan.
We also negotiate for you the best prices and conditions for your medical stay in Ankara, Izmir, or Antalya.
Last update : 01/04/2020