What is Retinal Detachment?
Retinal detachment is a rare ophthalmic disease that leads to vision impairment in one eye. This disease is considered a relative surgical emergency, requiring surgery within 24 to 48 hours of diagnosis.
Retinal detachment can induce blindness if it is not treated in time. It affects 1 to 2 people out of 100,000 in Turkey each year. The people most affected are diabetics and the myopic people between the ages of 45 and 60. It is important to know the symptoms in order to quickly consult an ophthalmologist.
Causes of Retinal Detachment
The retinal detachment corresponds to the split between the two layers of the retina, that is to say the creation of a space between these two normally bonded structures. The created space is filled with liquid. The more the liquid seeps between the two layers, the more the detachment continues. The separation of the two layers continues as the liquid occupies this cavity.
In 99% of cases, a tear in the retina is responsible for the entry of intraocular fluid between the neuroepithelium and the pigment epithelium. This small hole in the retina leaves the passage to the intraocular fluid which normally has no reason to access it.
What are the Symptoms?
The onset of retinal detachment is most often unexpected and free of pain. The eye is white and the patient has no pain in the eye. Besides, the disease affects only one eye.
Warning signs of retinal detachment are:
- The appearance of a black veil on the whole or part of the visual field of the eye concerned;
- A flash of light appears in the field of vision. It is always in the same place, even though the eyes are closed;
- Image distortion: the straight lines become curved;
- Blurred vision;
- Only one eye is affected.
In case of sudden appearance of any signs that suddenly decrease the visual field or vision, it is advisable to consult an ophthalmologist as soon as possible.
When the ophthalmologist sees signs of retinal detachment, he/she will proceed with the examination of the fundus. This examination makes it possible to observe the ocular fundus, which is the area containing the retina through optical material. This examination allows in particular:
- To examine the internal vision of retinal detachment.
- To visualize directly the retina;
- To look for retinal tears.
Are there Available Treatments for Detached Retina in Turkey and Istanbul?
It is a relatively urgent surgical management, which means that it must be treated within 24 to 48 hours of the appearance of vision loss. Added to that, surgery is the only possible remedy for a retinal detachment. Different procedures exist and the choice will be made according to the specific characteristics of the patient’s pathology.
The objectives of retinal detachment treatment are:
- To heal or close the retinal tear;
- To puncture the liquid present between the two retinal layers;
- To place the neuroepithelium near the retinal pigment epithelium in order to reconstruct the anatomically and physiologically normal retina;
- To create an adhesive scar between the retina and the fundus to stabilize the retina and prevent recurrence.
The Cost of Retinal Detachment Surgery in Turkey & Istanbul
The prices of Turquie santé are among the cheapest while offering the best services. Rates are based on the surgical techniques used which require different types of technology, hence the price variations rely on the techniques.Last update : 27/02/2020