What is a Cataract?
Cataract is a very common pathology in Tukey and worldwide, it is the first cause of blindness. It is characterized by a progressive degeneration of a lens placed inside the eye, the lens. The latter is transparent in the normal state, thus allowing the focusing of the image on the retina. The loss of transparency prevents light from passing through and the image becomes fuzzy.
Cataract results in a drop in vision from far and near which is not corrected by glasses.
What are the causes of Cataracts?
Different studies have confirmed that the prevalence of cataracts increases with age. Indeed, it is related to lens aging . But, other factors contribute to its appearance such as hereditary, nutritional, environmental factors (Long exposure to industrial pollution and ultraviolet light) ...
The other etiologies are eye trauma, certain ophthalmological diseases (glaucoma, myopia, and uveitis) and general diseases (diabetes, prolonged treatment of corticosteroids, renal failure, hypocalcemia, magnesium deficiency, and so).
What are the Complications of Cataract Surgery?
A first consultation is always scheduled the day after surgery in search of acute complications like intraocular hyperpressure and postoperative infection. Patients should have two control consultations after one week and one month after cataract surgery. You should inform the doctor of any abnormality felt including pain or redness.
Cataract Surgery: the only Therapeutic Strategy
In the absence of medical treatment, the only treatment for cataracts remains surgery. The operation should be done as soon as possible before progression to blindness. It is performed under local anesthesia in a sterile operating room. The ophthalmologist makes a small incision of the cornea, breaks the cataract into several fragments using an ultrasound instrument to extract the lens by a probe and replace it with an implant. The choice of the latter is discussed according to the anatomical characteristics of the eye. Thus, there are several categories of implant; mono-focal, multifocal, accommodative, and toric.
Femtosecond Laser-assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS)
It is a major technological innovation in eye surgery. The principle of this technique is to deliver very precisely ultrashort pulses allowing the fragmentation of the lens in an automated way. This is a fundamental and delicate step of pre-treatment to prepare the eye for surgery.
FLACS is nevertheless limited by its expensive cost for both the care structure and the patient, a longer operating time, and a much more delicate surgery.
It is a new molecule undergoing experimentation that has a physicochemical action to re-solubilize the opacified lens proteins. Experimental evidence remains to be demonstrated in humans. This treatment could become an alternative to surgery which is the only effective treatment until now.
I would like to know if there are any non surgical treatments for cataracts.
Eye drops as an alternative to Cataract Surgery
The next step will be to test this eye drops in humans. If the effects are favorable, it would represent a very interesting alternative to cataract surgery which consists of removing the opaque lens by an implant.
Affordable Cataract Surgery in Turkey & Istanbul
The cost of cataract surgery includes the operating room fees collected by the clinic and the surgeon's fees.
It is interesting to note that Turquie santé will provide you with the cheapest cataract surgery.
Last update : 23/11/2019