Strabismus, also called squint or crossed eyes, is a deviation of one or both ocular globes from the fixation point. Therefore, the visual axes are not directed toward the same point in space. It is distinguished according to the direction of this deviation. The appearance and the eyes' function are very important for one’s self-esteem. Fortunately, lazy eyes are no longer a problem thanks to the improvement of the ophthalmology field in Turkey.
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- Patients with strabismus
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- Full recovery after one month
What is strabismus?
Strabismus is a vision disorder that is characterized by a problem of eye alignment and coordination, where the axis of vision is not adjusted. Therefore, the two eyes do not align with each other when looking at the same object, so they point in different directions. Several solutions can correct strabismus in both children and adults. Thus, rehabilitation or surgery must be performed depending on the age or the considered case.
There are three types of strabismus, which are:
- Convergent strabismus or esotropia (the ocular globe is deflected inwards);
- Divergent strabismus (the ocular globe is deflected outwards);
- Vertical strabismus (the ocular globe is deflected upwards or downwards).
What are squint causes?
Strabismus can be related to visual defects or rather serious eye diseases. Among the main factors, we can mention:
- Ocular disorders such as cataracts and ptosis;
- Refractive errors or the so-called ametropias;
- Intellectual deficiency or cerebral palsy;
- Paralysis of one of the ocular muscles.
What causes this condition in Children?
In children, squint can be caused by incorrect refractive errors or hypermetropia that may lead to convergent strabismus. Another common cause of this condition is reduced vision in one eye (amblyopia or lazy eye). The latter prevents the normal cooperation between the two ocular globes, usually generating divergent strabismus. Moreover, the strabismus can appear at birth (congenital strabismus) or in the first months of life. The latter is usually not linked to other ocular defects.
What causes this condition in Adults?
In adults, the sudden appearance of any form of strabismus is due to the paralysis of the extraocular muscles. Strabismus in adults can also translate to an acquired injury of the eye muscles that may be due to a trauma or a surgical intervention.
Lazy eye correction surgery by Vision Therapy & Botox
The misalignment of the two eyes causes stimulation of non-corresponding retinal points. The deviated eye brings to the brain a different image compared with the one of the other eye. The fixation of different objects would result in a very annoying double vision. Therefore, the brain tends to exclude or suppress the visual information coming from the crossed eyes because they create confusion. If the elimination is constant, the deviated eye does not develop or lose its binocular vision until it generates amblyopia. In this case of visual laziness, an eye cannot see well, although it is anatomically normal.
Among the solutions offered to patients with strabismus, we can mention:
The Surgery for Crossed Eyes
Strabismus surgery or lazy eye correction surgery in Turkey and Istanbul intends to recover visual function. It also aims to eliminate or reduce a deviation that persists despite regular optical treatments. The surgeon performs strabismus surgery under general anesthesia in young children and under local anesthesia in adults. It allows ophthalmologists to intervene in the eye muscles to put the eyes as much as possible in the axis.
The Vision Therapy for Crossed Eyes
When a good visual acuity of both eyes has been obtained, the doctor will move on to the next phase, which would be the realignment of the eyeballs. The vision therapy program consists of vision correction and orthoptic training (eye exercises).
Botox for lazy eye correction
Botulinum toxin injections for strabismus treatment is a noninvasive technique that is sometimes employed in lazy eye correction surgery. The eye doctor uses Botox for strabismus to reduce the misalignment of the eyes by strengthening the extraocular muscles. In certain situations, the use of Botox injections may have an advantage that will be exposed by your ophthalmologist.
Strabismus surgery cost in Turkey
Once the doctor performs the preliminary examinations, it is important to intervene as soon as possible. Often, the surgery can be performed even on patients who are only 2 years old, as it consists of a relatively simple operation. The difficulties may happen before and after the intervention, given the very young age of some patients.
Turquie santé helps you reach the best clinics and hospitals that offer the best strabismus surgery cost in Turkey. Strabismus surgery in Turkey and Istanbul is the most suitable alternative to treat some types of strabismus. It also gives a better prognosis in the long term, especially for essential infantile esotropia.
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