What is the strabismus?
Strabismus is a deviation of one or both eyes from the fixation point. Therefore, the visual axes are not directed towards the same point of space and it is distinguished according to the direction of this deviation: convergent strabismus or esotropia (the eye is deflected inwards), divergent strabismus (the eye is deflected outwards), and vertical strabismus (the eye is deflected upwards or downwards).
What are the causes that lead to this disease?
Strabismus can be related to visual defects or rather serious eye diseases. Among the main factors, we can mention:
Ocular disorders such as cataracts and ptosis.
Paralysis of one of the ocular muscles.
In children, the strabismus can be caused by incorrect refractive errors or the hypermetropia that determines convergent strabismus.
Another common cause of strabismus is the reduced vision in one eye (amblyopia or lazy eye) which prevents the normal collaboration between the two eyes, usually generating a divergent strabismus. Moreover, the strabismus has appeared since birth (congenital) or in the first months of life but it is not linked to other ocular alterations. In adults, the sudden appearance of any form of strabismus is normally connected to the paralysis of the extraocular muscles.
The effects on vision and the Results of the Surgery
The lack of alignment of the two eyes causes a stimulation of non corresponding retinal points. The deviated eye brings to the brain a different image compared with that of the other eye because its fovea fixes a different object, resulting in a very annoying double vision. Therefore, the brain tends to exclude or suppress the information coming from the crossed eyes because they create confusion. If the elimination is constant, the deviated eye does not develop or lose visual acuity until it generates an amblyopia which is a long-lasting form of visual weakness for which an eye is not able to see well although it is anatomically normal.
How can this Disease be Treated in Turkey and Istanbul? What are the Costs?
First of all, strabismus treatment aims at the visual and functional recovery of both eyes at the cheapest cost in Turkey.
Only when a good visual acuity of the two eyes has been obtained, it will be possible to move on to the next phase, that is to say, to the eventual realignment of the eyeballs. The therapy is based on optical correction and surgery.
The lenses must be prescribed as soon as possible after the determination of the refractive defect. The use of lenses leads to some multiple effects such as:
The improvement of visual acuity.
The influence on the convergence/accommodation ratio.
The decrease of the ocular deviation.
Strabismus surgery in Turkey and Istanbul intends to recover visual function along with the disappearance or reduction of a deviation that persists despite regular optical treatments.
The strabismus surgery, practiced under general anesthesia in children and under local anesthesia in adults, allows ophthalmologists to intervene on the eye muscles in order to put the eyes as much as possible in the axis.
The squint in adults: Best Treatments
A strabismus in adults is often an infantile strabismus that is neglected or a late recurrence favoured by various causes such as the cessation of optical correction, the appearance of presbyopia, and particular conditions of visual fatigue.
A strabismus in adults can also translate an acquired paralysis of the eye muscles. In certain situations, the use of botulinum toxin (Botox) may have an advantage that will be exposed by your ophthalmologist.
Surgery may be necessary to correct the ocular deviation. It follows the same rules applied to children. However, some particularities should be noted; in some cases the operation can be performed under local anesthesia. The presence of diplopia is more frequent in adults than in children and may require complementary treatment if it persists.
Strabismus Surgery in children: Cheap Costs
Turquie santé provides you with the best clinics and hospitals where you can find the various treatments to cure this disease. Strabismus surgery is the most suitable alternative to solve some types of strabismus and gives a better prognosis in the long term, especially for an essential infantile esotropia. For this reason, once the preliminary examinations are carried out, it is important to intervene as soon as possible, sometimes even on patients who are only 2 years old. This is a relatively simple operation. The difficulties have happened before and after the intervention, given the very young age of some patients.