Glaucoma, a complex eye disease, is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. It is characterized by an increase in intraocular pressure that progressively damages the optic nerve, leading to irreversible vision loss. To combat this pathology, several medical and surgical approaches have been developed in Turkey. Among them, trabeculectomy has proven to be an effective and widely used procedure.
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- Patients with advanced glaucoma
- Decrease in intraocular pressure
- Between 30 minutes and 1 hour
What is trabeculectomy?
Trabeculectomy is a surgical filtration procedure designed to lower intraocular pressure by allowing intraocular fluid (aqueous humor) to flow out of the eye. The main goal of this surgery is to create a new drainage channel to balance the intraocular pressure, protect the optic nerve, and prevent further vision loss.
How is the procedure performed?
Before surgery, an ophthalmologist will evaluate the extent of glaucoma damage and determine if trabeculectomy is the best treatment option for the patient. The patient is usually under local anesthesia during the procedure, although general anesthesia may be used in some circumstances.
The surgeon makes a small incision in the conjunctiva (the clear membrane that covers the surface of the eye) to access the anterior chamber of the eye. Next, part of the trabeculum (the mesh-like tissue at the corner of the anterior chamber) is removed to create a communication channel between the inside of the eye and the surrounding tissues. This new opening acts as a drainage channel, allowing the aqueous humor to drain more easily, thereby reducing intraocular pressure.
After the surgery
After trabeculectomy, the patient may experience some irritation or discomfort in the eye, which should gradually subside. Antibiotic and anti-inflammatory eye drops will be prescribed to prevent infection and promote healing.
Post-operative follow-up visits are essential to monitor healing and the effectiveness of the procedure. The surgeon may adjust the post-operative treatment depending on the patient's intraocular pressure and the general condition of the eye.
Risks and Complications
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with trabeculectomy. Possible complications include infection, inflammation, the formation of excessive scar tissue around the new opening (called fibrosis),or an excessive drop in intraocular pressure. In some cases, the procedure may not achieve the desired results and additional procedures, including cataract surgery, may be required.
Trabeculectomy Success Rate in Türkiye
The success rate of trabeculectomy depends on several factors, especially the initial stage of glaucoma, the severity of the elevated intraocular pressure, the presence of ocular comorbidities, and the skill of the surgeon. In general, trabeculectomy is considered an effective surgical procedure for lowering intraocular pressure in patients with medically refractory glaucoma or rapid disease progression.
Scientific studies and clinical data from Türkiye indicate that the long-term success rate of trabeculectomy is around 70% to 90%. This means that in most cases, the procedure is successful in reducing intraocular pressure to a safe level that preserves the optic nerve and slows the progression of glaucoma.
Price of trabeculectomy in Turkey
Take advantage of attractive rates for your trabeculectomy in Türkiye with Turquie Santé. Our packages include the cost of the surgery in a state-of-the-art clinic, post-operative care and interpreter, airport/clinic/hotel transfer, etc.
Get a personalized quote now, a free online consultation, or more information on the cost of trabeculectomy at our partner clinics in Turkey by simply filling out our online form. Don't miss the opportunity to receive quality care at competitive prices.
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