TAVI (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) is a procedure to implant a transcatheter aortic valve in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. The procedure is suitable for people who are not candidates for conventional open-heart valve surgery and therefore do not require extracorporeal circulation.
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- Patients with aortic valve stenosis
- Elderly patients with high or moderate operative risk
- Cardiac Valve Replacement
- About 2 hours
- A month of rest
What is the Transcatheter Aortic Valve?
Invented in 2008 by the Italian physician-researchers Sorin group, the sutureless aortic valve is a bioprosthesis that allows the treatment of valve stenosis without opening the chest.
Unlike mechanical valves and biological valves that require opening the chest, this valve can easily self-anchor without surgeon intervention. The valve is in an expandable medical device, it is reduced and expands like a parachute thanks to support with super-elastic components.
Usually, surgeons suture the valve to the aortic annulus after decalcification, which can be a time-consuming procedure. The transcatheter aortic valve eliminates this step because there are no sutures. This saves a lot of time and makes the surgeon's job easier.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVI) in Turkey
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR or TAVI) is a minimally invasive procedure used for the treatment of aortic valve stenosis (narrowing of the aortic valve).
During the TAVI (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) procedure, the surgeon inserts a catheter into the leg or chest and guides it to the heart. The new replacement valve is inserted with the catheter pointing toward the heart. A camera is used to guide the valve into place.
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVI) is performed by a heart surgeon.
Types of aortic valve
The first-line treatment for aortic valve stenosis is a salt-free diet, rest, and diuretics. However, in cases of severe aortic stenosis, valve replacement or surgical repair is the only treatment.
Up to now, cardiologists have used two types of prosthetic heart valves:
- Mechanical valves, which are strong and durable but require the use of anticoagulants.
- Bioprosthetic valves, are less strong and have limited durability, and do not require anticoagulants.
It is now possible to treat certain heart conditions, including narrowed aortic valves, surgically without opening the chest.
Preparation for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation in Istanbul
To properly prepare for TAVI valve surgery in Istanbul, these two conditions must be met:
- Smoking cessation, as smoking increases the risk of respiratory distress, infection, and poor healing.
- Good blood test results: The patient's hemoglobin (red blood cell) level must be high.
If any of these conditions are not met, the postoperative course can be very complicated. For this reason, the cardiologist may sometimes delay the surgery if it is not urgent. This would allow the patient to improve hemoglobin levels or stop smoking.
Postoperative Complications of TAVI
These complications fall into two broad categories:
- "Local" complications, which are related to the function of the bioprosthesis or trauma to the surrounding tissue.
- "Remote" complications involving embolism or extracardiac organ dysfunction.
Although local complications can be very serious, they are very rare. The success rate of implantation exceeds 95%, with no mortality per procedure.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) in Turkey: Prices & Reviews
The cost of TAVI varies from clinic to clinic and from case to case. However, the prices for valve surgery at our partner clinics & hospitalsin Turkey are very reasonable, whether in Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, or Antalya.
You can get a personalized quote and teleconsultation free of charge. To get the cost of TAVI (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement) or a medical opinion, just send us a request using the link below.
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