For men, as for women, obstruction of a coronary artery can lead to heart attack, and death in many cases. This disease is caused by the accumulation of fatty deposits on the walls of the arteries. The best method to fight this disease is to use coronary angioplasty, also called transluminal dilatation or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
Thus, the goal of this surgery is to expand the narrowing of the coronary arteries and improve blood flow to the heart.
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Coronary Angioplasty Procedure: Preparation and Techniques
Before deciding on the operation, a set of examinations and analyzes is requested by the doctor, as well as specific instructions. The patient should not eat for 8 hours before the operation. The medical assistants take care of the preparation of the operation table (must be sterile, includes the necessary equipment).
The procedure usually lasts 2 hours under local anesthesia (the patient is awake during the operation but feels nothing). It consists in introducing into the diseased artery a thin tube provided with an inflatable balloon at the level of the narrowed zone. Once the tube is in place, the balloon will be inflated to the diameter of the coronary artery (2 to 5 mm) for a few moments to flatten the diseased segment, then it will be deflated to reopen the bloodstream and restore the flow.
After the operation, the patient must stay a few hours under control and can leave the hospital the next day.
Coronary Angioplasty: the risks
Although angioplasty is a surgical procedure in the heart, it is much simpler than the Aoro-Coronary Bypass (PAC), it presents some risks:
- Pain at the site of insertion, infection, hemorrhage or artery lesions.
- Fainting or weakness or fever ...
- Heart attack or death.
Over time, the artery may shrink again, which will make a new angioplasty or coronary bypass mandatory.
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