Coronary artery bypass operation (CABG procedure) is open-heart surgery. The latter aims at treating coronary artery disease. This heart condition is one of the most common cardiovascular diseases.
It consists of redirecting blood around a segment of an obstructed or a partially blocked artery in your heart. The surgery involves taking a healthy vein from your limb or chest (internal mammary artery). Following that, the surgeon will connect the healthy blood vessel beneath and above the obstructed artery.
It is important to note that this surgery is different from coronary angioplasty, which aims to treat a heart disease called coronary atherosclerosis. However, both surgeries significantly improve the cardiovascular system and the quality of life of the patient by improving the blood flow in the heart muscle.
- Inflammatory reactivity
- The operation lasts between 3 to 6 hours
Which case is Coronary Artery Bypass operation indicated for?
Cardiologists are doctors who diagnose and treat cardiovascular diseases (heart and blood vessel conditions)
The heart surgeon performs the coronary artery bypass grafting CABG when a coronary artery becomes narrow or blocked. This condition results from the accumulation of fat deposits, fibers, or blood clots. The purpose of this operation is to relieve the symptoms by avoiding the obstructed heart arteries.
The cardiologist recommends artery bypass graft surgery in the case of angina pectoris (chest pain). The latter is the main symptom of coronary artery disease which is mostly caused by tobacco or obesity. However, surgical treatment is the last option, and it is only recommended when the disease cannot be cured by drugs.
In this case, bridging is necessary to deal with this problem. In general, the operation lasts between 3 and 6 hours, under general anesthesia, and has 3 steps:
The preparation phase
The doctor and the medical assistants begin with the installation of the medical equipment. Then, they would set up the monitoring systems (the heart lung machine). This allows them to follow the state of the patient during the surgery. Thorough cleaning of the patient's body is mandatory before the intervention.
The initial steps
This step comports 3 parts:
- The opening of the thorax at the sternum
- Graft removal, thus making it possible to perform the bypass
- The installation of the extracorporeal circulation (heart-lung bypass machine)
During this phase, the surgeon sets up the graft between the aorta and the coronary arteries.
After the operation, the patient must permanently stop smoking and follow a strict diet. These new habits will ameliorate the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. Otherwise, the patient will need a bypass 10 to 15 years.
Thus, a visit at least once a year to the cardiologist is necessary.
CABG Operation: The complications of minimally invasive coronary bypass surgery
After the surgery, you may feel tired and uncomfortable for the first few postoperative weeks. You may suffer from some short, intense pain on either side of your chest.
What are the short-term side effects?
Your thorax, shoulders, and upper back may hurt. The incision in your thorax and the area where the surgeon has taken the healthy vein may be achy or puffy.
What are the medium-term side effects?
Heart surgery such as coronary artery bypass grafting can cause several postoperative complications:
- A greater inflammatory reactivity
- High blood pressure
- Heart attack, heart failure, or a stroke
What are the long-term side effects?
Some patients complain about having a memory impairment, but this condition does not worsen over time. You may experience other risks such as:
- Abnormal heart rhythm
- Graft rejection
- Breathing problems
The side effects may be intense or moderated, temporary or long-lasting. They depend on your initial medical condition, so make sure to discuss any concerns with your cardiologist.
The Cost of heart bypass minimally invasive surgery (CABG) in Turkey
Turquie Santé puts you in contact with clinics specialized in cardiac bypass surgery and the CABG procedure in Istanbul Turkey. You can request your quote online and compare offers from several hospitals using our platform.
Is this heart surgery safe in Istanbul Turkey?
Cardiology is one of the most advanced medical fields in Turkey. Indeed, our partner cardiology clinics and hospitals are first-class and their staff is highly skilled.
Added to that, the high price of a health service doesn’t necessarily guarantee its safety. It is possible to get the affordable medical care that also meets the international standards of quality.
How much does CABG procedure Cost in Istanbul?
CABG procedure’s cost in Istanbul Turkey tends to increase depending on the patient's age and the number of blood vessels that are grafted. However, be reassured that we will provide you with the lowest prices.
Added to that, this surgery can be covered by some private health insurance. So, you may consider discussing the matter with your insurer before undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.
Share this page