Coronary artery bypass operation (CABG procedure) is an open-heart surgery. The latter aims at treating coronary artery disease. This heart condition is one of the most common cardiovascular diseases.
It consists of redirecting blood around a segment of an obstructed or a partially blocked artery in your heart. The surgery involves taking a healthy vein from your limb or chest (internal mammary artery). Following that, the surgeon will connect the healthy blood vessel beneath and above the obstructed artery.
It is important to note that this surgery is different from Coronary Angioplasty which aims to treat a heart disease called coronary atherosclerosis. However, both surgeries significantly improve the cardiovascular system and the quality of life of the patient through improving the blood flow in the heart muscle.