Facts about Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative process that affects the brain cells and connections because of a number of symptoms that may cause the ongoing decline of cognitive functions and the deterioration of personality and relationships.
It is scientifically proven that this type of disease occurs due to various factors. Although the main risk factor is age, Alzheimer’s disease is not the inevitable consequence of aging, but a disease with specific symptoms and stages that require specific diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative interventions in Turkey and Istanbul.
What you should Know about Symptoms and Stages
The Alzheimer‘s disease can appear in the form of 4 main symptoms which are:
- Significant memory loss.
- Inability to formulate and understand verbal messages.
- Incapacity to correctly identify the external influences and recognize people, things, and places.
- Inability to properly perform some movements.
Although the course of Alzheimer’s disease is unique to each individual, there are many common symptoms. It can be roughly divided into three phases. In the early phase, memory disorders are prevalent but speech disorders may also be present. The patients tend to lose objects and get lost because they cannot find their way home. They can have emotional imbalances, irritability, and unpredictable reactions. In the middle phases, the patients begin to gradually lose autonomy or may have delusions and hallucinations that’s why they require continuous assistance.
The final phase is characterized by the complete loss of autonomy; the patient stops eating, no longer communicates, and becomes incontinent. The duration of each phase varies from person to another and in many cases, one phase may overlap the other. The average duration of the disease is estimated to be between eight to twenty years.
The Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease in Turkey & Istanbul
Unlike other diseases, there is no specific test to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease. Diagnosis is often a very time-consuming process since patients are supposed to go to the doctor for several assessment visits and execute numerous physical examinations. The best doctors in Turkey and Istanbul can detect Alzheimer’s disease thanks to the use of neurological examinations that support physical ones.
The diagnosis includes the collection of the personal and family medical history, the evaluation of the mental status, the execution of some laboratory tests such as CT-scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), electroencephalogram (EEG), lumbar puncture, and neuropsychological along with psychiatric evaluation.
It is important to note that the doctor takes into account all other conditions that may cause dementia and comes to the conclusion that symptoms may depend on Alzheimer’s disease.
In some cases, Alzheimer’s disease is probably the main cause of dementia, but the presence of another disease could influence the progression of symptoms.
How to cure it with Turquie Santé in Istanbul?
Alzheimer’s disease is currently not curable but there are medications that can improve some cognitive, functional, and behavioral symptoms. Besides, numerous techniques and activities can reduce behavioral disorders. The drugs that can treat Alzheimer’s disease are acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and memantine. On one hand, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are effective in the early stages of the disease because they possess an enzyme that destroys the neurotransmitter acetylcholine that is responsible for sending messages from one nerve cell to another. On the other hand, memanthin should be used in the middle or final phases. In the absence of therapeutic responses, it becomes increasingly important to take care of the sick person to improve their quality of life in all respects.
Furthermore, rehabilitation therapies are employed with the aim of maintaining the patient’s functional capacity as long as possible.