Many people are daily living with memory lapses and cognitive disorders. However, it does not mean that they don’t need a diagnosis and therapy. Sometimes these symptoms are signs of an underlying disease that is severe.
Alzheimer’s diseaseis a neurodegenerative condition that occurs in the brain cells and connections. It has several symptoms that may result in the decline of cognitive functions. It can also lead the alteration of the personality and relationships.
Furthermore, it is proven that this type of neuropsychiatric disorder occurs due to various factors. The main risk factor of Alzheimer's disease is ageing.
Symptoms & stages of Alzheimer
Alzheimer’s disease is not the unavoidable result of agedness. It is a disease with specific symptoms and phases that require specific diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative interventions in Turkey.
Most of us think of Alzheimer’s as a disease of the elderly. However, five percent of patients with Alzheimer’s have experienced the early onset of the disease. Even though the origin of the disorder still isn’t discovered, some of these cases involve genetic factors.
What are the Symptoms of this neurodegenerative disease?
Alzheimer‘s disease can appear in the form of 4 main symptoms which are:
- Significant memory loss;
- Difficulties to formulate and understand verbal messages;
- Difficulties to correctly identifying the external influences and recognizing people, things, and places;
- Troubles with performing some movements properly;
Although the course of Alzheimer’s disease is unique to each individual, there are many common symptoms.
What are the Stages of Alzheimer?
Phases or Stages of Alzheimer include:
The early phase
In the early phase, memory disorders are prevalent, but speech disorders may also be present. The patients tend to lose objects and get lost because they cannot find their way home. They can have emotional imbalances, frustration, and capricious reactions.
The middle stage
In the middle phases, the patients begin to gradually lose autonomy. He may also have delusions and delusions, that’s why they require continuous assistance.
The final phase
This stage is characterized by the complete loss of autonomy. The patient stops eating, no longer communicates, and suffers from incontinence.
The duration of each phase varies from one person to another and in many cases, one phase may overlap the other. The average duration of the disease is estimated to be between eight and twenty years.
Diagnosis & treatment options of Alzheimer’s disease in Turkey
Unlike other diseases, there is no specific test to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease. Diagnosis is often a very long process. Patients are supposed to go to the neurologist for several assessment visits and execute many clinical examinations.
The best doctors in Turkey can detect Alzheimer’s disease with the latest technologies in the field of neurology.
The diagnosis includes:
- The collection of the personal and family medical history;
- Neuropsychological and psychiatric evaluation;
- Some laboratory tests such as:
It is important to note that the neurologist considers all other conditions that may cause dementia first. Then, he comes to the conclusion that symptoms may depend on Alzheimer’s disease.
In some cases, Alzheimer’s disease progresses to cause another neuropsychiatric disorder called dementia. However, the presence of another disease could influence the progression of symptoms.
The price of the diagnosis and medical therapies differs from a clinic or a hospital to another.
Treatment options of Alzheimer in Istanbul, Turkey: prices and reviews
Currently, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease. However, there are treatment options that include medications that can improve some cognitive, functional, and behavioral symptoms. Besides, numerous techniques and activities can reduce behavioral disorders.
What are the medication that treats this Neurodegenerative Disease?
The drugs that can treat Alzheimer’s disease are acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and memantine.
On one hand, enzyme inhibitors are effective in the early stages of the disease. Indeed, they can prevent a sort of enzyme called acetylcholinesterase from destroying the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. The latter is the substance that is responsible for sending messages from one nerve cell to another.
On the other hand, doctors usually prescribe memantine in the middle or final phases.
What are the Side Effects of these drugs?
The pharmacological treatment may have some side effects that the family members should be aware of, such as;
- Looseness of the bowels or diarrheas;
What if the patient doesn't respond to drugs?
Without therapeutic responses, it becomes increasingly important to take care of the sick person. There are many non-medicinal treatments that can improve the quality of life of a person with Alzheimer’s disease.
For example, rehabilitation therapies aim at maintaining the patient’s capacity to perform his daily activities as long as possible. Our medical centers, clinics, and hospitals in Turkey offer the best rehabilitation treatment for patients with Alzheimer's at affordable prices.
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