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Treatment of autism (ASD) in Turkey: Best therapeutic options in Istanbul's centers

Autism, commonly referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD),is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects an individual's communication, social interactions, and behavior.

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    How do you identify an autistic child?

    Here are some signs and behaviors that may indicate autism in a child:

    • Communication difficulties: Children with autism may have difficulty making eye contact, responding to their names, or engaging in social interaction. They may also show delayed language acquisition, restricted or atypical use of language, repetition of words or phrases, and difficulty understanding conversations.
    • Social deficits: People with autism may have difficulty establishing social relationships with their peers and understanding emotions and social cues. They may appear disinterested in social interaction, prefer to play alone, or have difficulty sharing their interests and toys with others.
    • Repetitive and restricted behaviors: Children with autism may exhibit stereotyped behaviors, such as repetitive body movements, restricted and obsessive interests in certain objects or subjects, or rigid rituals and routines that disrupt their daily functioning.
    • Sensory sensitivities: An autistic child may have hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity to sensory stimuli (loud noises, bright lights, specific tastes, etc.),which can cause agitation or anxiety.
    • Delays or differences in motor development: Some children with autism may show delays in the development of motor skills, such as fine motor coordination or gross motor skills.

    Not all children exhibiting these behaviors are autistic. However, these signs may indicate the need for in-depth assessment by qualified health professionals, such as child development psychologists, pediatricians, or psychiatrists. Early assessment and specialized intervention at our partner clinics and centers in Istanbul, Turkey can help provide adequate support for the child and his or her family.

    The causes of autism spectrum disorders

    The exact causes of ASD are not fully understood. However, it is generally accepted that autism is a complex and varied disorder that results from the interaction of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors:

    Genetic factors

    Research has demonstrated the existence of a genetic predisposition to autism. Studies carried out in Istanbul, Turkey have revealed the involvement of several genes in this condition, and several genes likely interact to increase the risk of developing autism. However, no specific gene has been identified as the main cause of autism in most people.

    Environmental factors

    Certain environmental factors may influence the risk of developing autism, although their specific contribution is still poorly understood. Studies in Turkey have examined factors such as infections during pregnancy, exposure to certain chemicals or drugs, complications during pregnancy or childbirth, and lifestyle factors. However, it should be noted that the influence of these environmental factors is relatively weak compared to genetic factors.

    Neurological abnormalities

    The use of brain imaging has revealed variations in brain structure and connectivity in individuals with autism. These abnormalities may affect the development and function of different brain regions involved in social skills, communication, and sensory processing of information.

    Pre- and perinatal factors

    Certain pre- and perinatal conditions, such as complications during pregnancy, low birth weight, preterm birth, or maternal infections, have been associated with a slightly increased risk of developing ASD. However, it is important to note that the majority of children born with these conditions do not develop autism.

    Importantly, autism is not caused by factors such as vaccination or poor parenting, contrary to popular belief, which has been refuted by numerous rigorous scientific studies.

    Overall, research continues to better understand the mechanisms underlying autism and the specific causes that contribute to its development.

    Autism (ASD) Treatment in Turkey: Best therapeutic options in Istanbul's Centers

    Treatment for ASD must be tailored to the individual needs of each person with autism. A personalized treatment plan in Turkey is developed taking into account the individual's strengths and challenges, as well as their age, developmental level, and interests. Close collaboration between our professionals from different fields (psychologists, speech therapists, educators, etc.) and family involvement are also key elements in the treatment and intervention process.

    The treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is based on a multidisciplinary approach that combines different areas of intervention.

    Psychological approaches

    Psychological approaches are often used to support the development of social skills, anxiety management, and improved emotional functioning in people with autism. These may include cognitive-behavioral therapies, social skills therapies, emotion management, and behavior regulation techniques.

    Speech Therapy

    Speech therapy focuses on the development of communication and language skills. Our speech therapists in Turkey work with autistic individuals to improve their verbal and non-verbal communication skills, language comprehension, articulation, and pragmatics.

    Psychomotor Activity

    The psychomotor activity aims to stimulate and develop the motor, sensory, and perceptual skills of people with autism.

    These interventions, carried out in collaboration with our partner clinics and centers in Turkey, can include a variety of activities aimed at improving motor coordination, proprioception, motor planning, visual and tactile perception, and sensory regulation.

    Educational and pedagogical care

    Educational and pedagogical interventions are essential to help people with autism develop their academic skills, life skills, and independence. These approaches can include individualized educational programs, specialized teaching methods, visual aids, positive reinforcement programs, and adaptations of the school environment to meet the specific needs of autistic people.

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