Articulation diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis can be really disabling for some of us in our daily activities. Fortunately, there is an orthopaedic surgical procedure that can alleviate the pain and improve the quality of life.
The knee is the articulation of the final part of the femur, the initial part of the tibia, and the patella. The articular surfaces of these 3 bone structures are coated with a cartilage. The latter is a smooth tissue that facilitates their movement.
The meniscus is two semicircular rings of fibro cartilage interposed between femur and tibia. They contribute to the stability of the knee.
The four ligaments that are stretched between the femur and tibia, ensuring the stability of the knee include:
- The anterior and posterior
- The medial and lateral.
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Knee replacement in Turkey: Price & Types of Surgeries
There are various types of knee surgeries from which the best doctors in Turkey, Istanbul, Ankara, Bursa, and Antalya can choose. An adequate kind of intervention can be chosen based on the type of joint injury.
The cost of this operation in our partner clinics and hospitals in Turkey varies depending on its type. The different kinds of knee surgeries include:
Total knee replacement
A person who has rheumatoid arthritis may require a total knee replacement in Turkey. This operation involves the replacement of the entire joint. Orthopedic Surgeons opt for total knee replacement when the joint cannot be repaired and other treatments do not relieve pain.
During the procedure, a surgeon will remove the damaged cartilage and replace it with another artificial one. The types of devices used in knee replacement include metal, ceramic, or plastic-made artificial joints that.
Knee osteotomy operation
Unlike total knee replacement surgery, this procedure involves the cutting, remodeling, and repositioning of the bones. This partial knee replacement aims at reducing the weight of the damaged part of the knee.
Surgeons perform this type of joint replacement procedure to correct a broken bone that has not healed properly.
Unlike total knee replacement surgery, arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery. It consists in making a small cut in the skin above the knee. Then, small tools are employed in order to detect and treat knee problems such as:
- Removal or repair of a torn meniscus.
- Repair of a torn cruciate ligament inside the knee.
- Possible removal of articular cartilage.
Diseases for which Arthroscopy Operation is indicated
For various pathologies, arthroscopy is indicated when medical therapy and physiotherapy have been tried without benefit. Many operations can be performed on the same-day basis.
The most frequent symptoms of knee disease are: swelling, pain, sagging, and reduced function. In this case, after preoperative examinations and evaluation, the patient will undergo arthroscopy. He will be able to return home during the day.
The meniscus can be damaged at any age in different ways and for different causes. Young people and athletes may experience severe knee pain which often results in the lesion of the internal meniscus.
With ageing, the meniscus degenerates and becomes rigid and the lesion can also be caused by a simple movement. Depending on the type, the extent of the lesion, and the age of the patient, arthroscopy surgery may involve meniscectomy. The latter consists in removing the injured meniscus and leaving the healthy part or repairing the lesion by special suture techniques.
Injuries of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) occur due to sudden traumas of the knee. It may also happen after sudden knee stress beyond the normal movement. The rupture of the ACL usually causes pain, swelling, and instability.
The anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is indicated when the knee does not function well. This can occur not only in the practice of a sports activity but also in the execution of daily movements. The injured ligament is reconstructed using a part of the patellar tendon that is taken from the same knee.
The cartilage surface covering the articular part of the femur, tibia, and kneecap may have lesions due to trauma or arthritis. Arthroscopy allows the precise evaluation of the severity of cartilage damage.
Weeks after the surgery, physical therapy would be necessary to help the patient get used to the artificial joint. When monitored by a physical therapist, exercises can strengthen the knee and prevent the formation of blood clots in the limb.
Recovery & Rehabilitation after a Knee Surgery
The length of the patient's hospital stay after the operation depends on several factors, including social considerations. This is because people living in a single-story house, apartment, or villa where the bedrooms and bathroom are located on the ground floor will return home sooner than people who have a lot of stairs to climb. People with home help or a family member to look after them will fare better than those who live alone.
Recovery after knee surgery can take up to 3 months. The patient can drive again after 4-6 weeks and return to work after 6-8 weeks. He must also do physiotherapy sessions during these 3 months for good rehabilitation.
Arthroscopy & Total Knee Replacement in Turkey: Cost & Reviews
Arthroscopy is useful to diagnose and solve many knee diseases. The highest number of total knee replacement surgeries is performed in patients aged 20-60 years old.
The cost of arthroscopy and total knee replacement surgeries in Turkey depends on how damaged your knee is. The clinic and the hospital’s location also impact the price of this surgical treatment.
However, the average cost of these procedures is very affordable in our partner clinics and hospitals in Turkey. You can ask for a free personalized quote by filling our online form.
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