Articulation diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis can be really disabling for some of us in our daily activities. Fortunately, there is an orthopaedic surgical procedure that can alleviate the pain and improve the quality of life.
The knee is the articulation of the final part of the femur, the initial part of the tibia, and the patella. The articular surfaces of these 3 bone structures are coated with a cartilage. The latter is a smooth tissue that facilitates their movement.
The meniscus is two semicircular rings of fibro cartilage interposed between femur and tibia. They contribute to the stability of the knee.
The four ligaments that are stretched between the femur and tibia ensuring the stability of the knee include:
- The anterior and posterior
- The medial and lateral.