The back is a very important part of the body because it is composed of the most complicated organ which is the spine. The latter is responsible for controlling instinctive reflexes and body movement.
Scoliosis is a permanent and lateral deviation of the spine that results from the inclination, rotation, and deformation of a vertebra. This condition cannot be automatically corrected and usually requires surgery, physical therapies and many re-education sessions.
Scoliosis is a dynamic deformity that can occur at any time in life. It initially appears with a curve of modest size.
This condition is common, it occurs in almost 10% of the population. Regular clinical exams, in case of the onset of a slight curve, allow the orthopaedic surgeon to measure the potential risks.
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What are the causes of Spinal Deformity?
The causes of scoliosis or spinal deformity are many and among these may be:
- Congenital spinal deformity;
- Genetic diseases;
- Neuromuscular problems;
- Limb length discrepancies.
Other causes of scoliosis include:
- Cerebral palsy
- Spina bifida
- Muscular dystrophy
- Spinal muscular atrophy
However, the causes of more than 85% of scoliosis cases remain unknown.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of scoliosis vary from one individual to another. However, the following are the most common symptoms:
- Shoulders at different heights.
- The head is mispositioned above the pelvis.
- Presence of prominent or asymmetrical haunches.
- Ribs at unusual levels.
- Changes in the colour and texture of the skin covering the spine.
- A body that moves into a sloping position.
How can we diagnose this disease in Turkey & Istanbul?
The diagnosis of scoliosis can be formulated by spinal column imaging through radiography, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). As a result of the examinations, the computer measures the curvature of the spine and expresses it in degrees. Typically, a curvature becomes significant if it exceeds 25-30 degrees. Curves that are greater than 45-50 degrees would be considered more severe.
Cost of Surgical Treatment of Scoliosis in Turkey
Spinal fusion surgery can be a useful treatment option to correct curves above 45 degrees in adults. As a result, the use of a brace seems ineffective. Surgical treatment of scoliosis in Turkey generally has two objectives. It intends to stop the curve degradation and correct the deformity of the spine.
Is the Surgical Treatment of Scoliosis in Turkey expensive?
Although spinal surgery is useful in improving the quality of life, its cost is often high.
Added to that, this treatment does not represent a risk-free surgery with no side effects. That’s why patients must know about the possible complications that may appear after undergoing a surgery for scoliosis treatment.
Is there any Minimally Invasive Surgery for Spinal Correction?
Arthrodesis is a scoliosis minimally invasive surgery that takes about 4 hours to achieve a full spinal correction through small incisions. It is performed under general anesthesia on the back of the patients. It consists of fixing two titanium rods to the spine to straighten it.
During the surgery, the surgeon will carefully monitor the function of the spinal cord to recognize immediately a possible suffering. The surgeon uses the so-called evoked potential tests. These involve the performance of several exams that study the responses of the central nervous system to a sensory stimulus.
Hospitals & Clinics for Scoliosis Surgery in Turkey & their Costs and prices
To treat spinal deformity in hospitals and clinics for scoliosis surgery in Turkey and Istanbul, the doctor will need to consider the :
- Severity of the patient’s curve;
- Patient’s age;
- Patient’s physical condition.
A Minimally Invasive Surgery Vs a Non-surgical Treatment
If it is necessary to correct the curve, the first option will be to use a brace. The latter is a non-surgical treatment for scoliosis. For some patients, the degree of scoliosis is so severe that surgery is required. However, many curves never worsen to the extent that scoliosis minimally invasive surgery is necessary.
The cost of the non-surgical treatment varies depending on the number of sessions required to achieve a full recovery. The prices of the minimally invasive scoliosis surgery depends on the clinic and the surgeon’s fees.
The best Clinics for Scoliosis Surgery in Turkey & Spinal Correction
The orthopaedic surgeon in the best clinics for minimally invasive spine surgery in Turkey will choose the best treatment for you.
Observation may be the most suitable treatment for spine abnormal curvature. This includes curves with a low risk of worsening or curves with a favourable history after the growth process has stopped. Observation treatment involves regular visits to the doctor to see if the curve has improved or worsened.
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