The presence of defects in the cellular structures that include the genetic material of the body or what is known as chromosomes is the main cause of the occurrence of Down syndrome. A person is supposed to have two of chromosome 21, but Mongolian children have three. The occurrence of this disorder leads to underdevelopment and perpetuation of mental retardation.
Down syndrome is not considered hereditary, as it can be prevented from transmitting from parents to their children. The lives of adults and children suffering from this disease improve upon early detection of this disease and appropriate intervention, depending on the severity of Down syndrome.
In Turkey and Istanbul, Down syndrome is the leading cause of intellectual disability of genetic origin. There are approximately 90,000 people with Down syndrome. This disease affects about one in 800 children. According to Turquie santé, trisomy 21 affects one in every 850 children. Any woman can have a child with Down syndrome, but the possibility increases with age.
The karyotype that allows for the examination of hereditary chromosomes is performed immediately after birth. This test is done by obtaining a blood sample from the child affected by this disease for the purpose of analysis.
In addition, it is possible to confirm the possibility of the infection of the fetus with Trisomy 21 by conducting an examination through performing an ultrasound. This method is considered safe and is practiced between 12 and 14 weeks of pregnancy.
It is important to provide extra care and special attention to the child affected by trisomy 21. It is necessary to get to know your child's personality and determine the best way to deal with him/her.
Women over 40 years old are more likely to have children with Trisomy 21. Accordingly, the possibility of developing this disease worsens with age.
Early examination enables the identification of the possible health problems of a child with this disease in order to be treated. 90% of people with Down syndrome live normally and are well integrated into society. Added to that, they live up to 60 years or older.
The patient's physical and intellectual capabilities are improved by providing adequate assistance by professionals who strive to provide you with the best services.
Care should be taken against a number of diseases affecting children with Down syndrome such as:
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The accuracy of the content has been reviewed by the Medical Commission of Turquie Santé.
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