Cosmetology in Turkey, what is it?
Cosmetology is the science that studies everything related to cosmetics and their effects on the body.
What is a cosmetic product?
What is Considered to be a cosmetic product is any substance or preparation intended to be in contact with the skin, the integuments or the teeth, with the purpose of cleaning, perfuming, modifying the appearance, or protecting them.
Cosmetics are classified in:
These are shampoos, coloring products, hair styling products, hair shaping products, skincare products, and so on.
Hygiene and care products:
They Include cleaning products, makeup removers, deodorants, antiperspirants, shaving products, shaving products, wipes, toothpastes, hair removal products, etc.
Care products for the face and body:
Like masks, exfoliation products, depigmentation products, lightening products ...
Anti sun products:
Sun protection products, anti-tanning, products after solar exposure.
Foundation, mascaras, eyeliner, concealer, nail polish, powders, and lipsticks.
Perfumery: perfume ...
Such cosmetic products in Turkey shall not adversely affect human health when applied under normal or reasonably foreseeable conditions of use, in particular taking into account the presentation of the product, its labeling, any instructions concerning its use and its disposal, as well as any other indication or information from the manufacturer or his authorized representative or any other person responsible for placing it on the market.
What are the components of a cosmetic product?
The cosmetic product is generally composed of an excipient, an active ingredient, an adjuvant, and an additive which is a dye, a perfume or a concervative
Each of these components has a well-defined role:
Active ingredients: are responsible for the effectiveness of the cosmetic product.
Excipients: Carry the primary molecule in the skin components, the excipients can also have activity by themselves.
Adjuvants: improve the role of the excipient by changing its appearance and its viscosity.
Additives: improve the presentation and preservation of the product.
What are the things that are not cosmetic products ?
- Products intended to be ingested, inhaled or implanted in the body, even if they claim action on the skin or appendages.
- As aesthetic food supplements to beautify the skin.
- Eye wash solutions, articular, nasal ones are medical devices
- Tattoo products
The obligations to respect after placing a cosmetic product on the market include : the declaration of serious adverse effects and the emphases to report risks and the measures to be taken.
Thus, even if they are not subject to a marketing authorization, cosmetic products are subject to a rigorous supervision to ensure their safety with regard to human health under normal use conditions.