Stem cell therapy in gynecology: A breakthrough for enhancing female fertility

Stem cell therapy in gynecology: A breakthrough for enhancing female fertility

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Struggling with fertility issues can be a heartbreaking and frustrating experience for many women. Traditional treatments may not always provide the desired results, leaving women feeling hopeless and defeated. However, advancements in medical science continually push boundaries, offering hope and solutions where there once seemed to be none. One such groundbreaking area is the application of stem cell therapy in gynecology, particularly in enhancing female fertility. With its potential to revolutionize reproductive medicine, stem cell therapy holds promise in addressing various fertility issues that women face.

What are stem cells?

Stem cells are remarkable cells with the unique ability to develop into various types of cells within the body. They are characterized by their capability to self-renew through cell division and their potential to differentiate into specialized cell types with distinct functions. These cells play a crucial role in the growth, repair, and maintenance of tissues throughout an individual's life. There are two primary types of stem cells:

Embryonic stem cells

These are pluripotent stem cells derived from embryos at the blastocyst stage, typically about five days after fertilization. They have the remarkable potential to differentiate into any cell type in the body. Due to their versatility, embryonic stem cells have been a focus of scientific research for regenerative medicine and studying developmental processes.

Adult (Somatic) stem cells

These are undifferentiated cells found in specific tissues or organs of the body. They serve as a repair system for the body. Adult stem cells are multipotent. It means they can give rise to a limited range of cell types related to the tissue or organ from which they are derived. For instance, hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow can produce various blood cell types. While mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into bone, cartilage, and fat cells.

Understanding the potential of stem cell therapy in gynecology

Stem cell therapy has emerged as a groundbreaking approach in gynecology, holding immense promise for enhancing female fertility. Stem cells possess the unique ability to differentiate into various cell types, making them ideal candidates for regenerative medicine applications. In gynecology, stem cells offer a potential solution to address various reproductive disorders and challenges faced by women. One key area where stem cell therapy shows promise is in treating premature ovarian failure (POF) or diminished ovarian reserve (DOR).

By introducing stem cells into the ovaries, it may be possible to regenerate damaged or depleted ovarian tissue and restore normal ovarian function. This could potentially revolutionize fertility treatments by providing women with new options beyond traditional approaches like in vitro fertilization (IVF).

The process of stem cell injection

Stem cell injections in Turkey are administered through a streamlined and accessible procedure. The process involves several steps aimed at ensuring the efficacy and safety of the stem cell injection. These steps outline the systematic approach adopted during the administration of stem cell therapy in Turkey.

Fat harvesting

The process of fat harvesting involves a straightforward and minimally invasive procedure conducted in the outpatient department. This quick and painless method gathers approximately 20 cubic centimeters of fat tissue from the patient's body. This collected fat serves as a valuable source of stem cells for subsequent therapeutic use.

Extraction and expansion

A specialized team at hospitals in Turkey extracts stem cells from the individual's own fat collected during the previous procedure. Over a period of approximately two to three weeks, the extracted cells expand, and the laboratory produces around 10 tubes of stem cells containing millions of cells. These cells are utilized for treatment, and any remaining quantity is preserved in designated facilities for future use.

Stem cell treatment

Physicians directly administer the expanded stem cells into the ovary, initiating a targeted and precise therapeutic intervention. Once injected, these specialized cells trigger the release of specific growth factors and anti-inflammatory molecules. This unique action aids in fostering the maturation of ovarian follicles while orchestrating the production of essential ovarian cells and blood vessels. Additionally, these stem cells play a pivotal role in reducing cell death within the ovarian tissue, thereby exerting a protective anti-fibrotic effect. This method of intravascular stem cell therapy holds immense promise in promoting and preserving ovarian health, offering potential benefits for fertility enhancement and reproductive well-being

Freezing and preservation

The tubes containing unused stem cells from the treatment undergo careful preservation within specialized cold storage facilities for a minimum duration of two years. This preservation process aligns with the specific request of the patient. It aims to safeguard these valuable stem cells for potential future applications in the expansive realm of regenerative medicine. This meticulous storage ensures the longevity and viability of the stem cells, maintaining their potency and readiness for prospective therapeutic use whenever required by the patient or for further medical advancements.


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